The Sensory Integration Praxis Test (SIPT) consists of a series of 17 subtests designed to assess the areas of motor-free visual perception, somatosensory, praxis, and sensorimotor. By measuring how children organize and respond to sensory input, the SIPT can help pinpoint specific organic problems associated with learning disabilities, emotional disorders, and minimal brain dysfunction, according to A. Jean Ayres. The SIPT standardized on children between 4 years of age to 8 years, 11 months.
Sensory processing is the way that our bodies receive information from our senses and how our brain organizes and responds to that information. Sensory Processing Disorder occurs when the nervous system forms an inappropriate response to the information that it receives. Think about it as a “traffic jam” that blocks your brain from creating an appropriate response to the information that you are getting from your body’s senses.
Does My Child Need A Sensory Integration Evaluation?
Sensory integration is the neurological process by which sensations (such as from the skin, eyes, joints, gravity, and movement sensory receptors) are organized for use. Praxis is the ability by which we figure out how to use our hands and body in skilled tasks like playing with toys, using a pencil or fork, building a structure, straightening up a room, or engaging in many occupations. Praxis skills are one of the essential aptitudes that enables us “to do” in the world.
“Dys” means “difficult” or “disordered.” Sensory integrative dysfunction may result in difficulty with visual perception tasks or in inefficiency in the interpretation of sensations from the body. A dyspraxic child has difficulty using his or her body, including relating to some objects in the environment. A dyspraxic child often has trouble with simply organizing his or her own behavior.